We must commit ourselves to protecting our environment and preserving our natural resources for generations to come. Environmental conservation is a fundamental part of Minnesota’s heritage – and it is part of my own family’s heritage, too. Like most Minnesotans, I grew up in a family that values the outdoors. My grandfather from northern Minnesota was an avid hunter. My dad is a bicyclist, mountain climber, and all-around outdoorsman, and my mom always liked to fish and hike. When I was growing up, we never took a family vacation that didn’t involve a tent or a cabin!
As your senator, I believe a major part of my job includes ensuring that we have the right policies to protect the natural resources we enjoy in Minnesota – our lakes, rivers, and wetlands, our forests and prairies, our wildlife habitats, and abundant farmland. It is our responsibility to pass on this Minnesota way of life to future generations with responsible conservation of our national resources and smart policies that allow our outdoor recreation, fishing, and hunting industries to thrive. That is why I am dedicated to promoting responsible policies that counter climate change, preserve our farmlands, reduce flooding dangers, and keep our air and water clean.
Minnesotans also understand the need for a comprehensive energy strategy that puts America back in control of our energy supply. We need to chart a new energy future–one that creates jobs, reduces our dependence on foreign oil, increases domestic energy production, keeps energy costs affordable for all Americans, and responds to the challenges of global climate change.
This energy future must be based on a combination of homegrown energy sources, new energy technologies, energy efficiency measures, and expanded domestic energy production. In Minnesota, we have the talent and know-how to innovate and the natural resources to propel our economy forward. I believe this is a great opportunity to meet our nation’s energy demands and promote economic development across America.
By harnessing our homegrown energy potential and preserving the natural resources that make Minnesota such a special place for everyone, our state can continue to be a shining example for the rest of the country, showing that strong energy and environmental policies can go hand-in hand with a strong economy.
As Minnesota’s U.S. senator, I will continue to focus on these priorities:
- Combating climate change. There is now a scientific consensus that climate change is having an impact on our world and we need to take responsible steps to respond to these challenges. I support a comprehensive approach that would reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote the development of energy efficient technologies and homegrown energy resources without burdening our farmers and small businesses. As a member of the Senate Climate Action Taskforce, I am fighting to ensure that efforts to address the threat of climate change are a part of our nation’s energy and environmental policy. I strongly support the Paris Climate Agreement and have pushed the Administration to rejoin the Agreement. I have opposed cabinet members who doubt the science and deny climate change is occurring.
- Keeping our air and water clean. Minnesota has some of the strongest pollution control standards in the country. Residents across our state are concerned about the negative impacts of mercury contamination and other pollutants that affect our public health and natural resources. Because pollution does not stop at state lines, we need strong federal standards to match Minnesota’s leadership and that is why I have opposed this Administration’s attempts to roll back clean air and water rules.
- Strengthening our water infrastructure. Providing communities with clean drinking water and flood protection is critical. Many rural communities across Minnesota are unable to shoulder the financial burden of upgrading or reconstructing key infrastructure projects. We need to invest in the proper infrastructure to keep communities strong and help them continue to grow.
- Preserving open spaces and native wildlife. Outdoor recreation contributes billions of dollars to Minnesota’s economy. We need policies that preserve our open spaces, farmlands, and hunting lands, while protecting vital wetlands so that we can maintain important wildlife habitats and reduce flooding dangers.
- Protecting the Great Lakes. Minnesota is home to Lake Superior, the largest of the Great Lakes and the largest freshwater lake in the world. Lake Superior and the Great Lakes as a whole are vital to Minnesota’s environment and economy. As one of the Vice Chairs of the Senate Great Lakes Task Force, I will continue supporting our shipping, boating, and fishing industries while pursuing responsible policies that keep our waters clean and clear of invasive species like invasive carp and zebra mussels.
- Promoting the development of homegrown renewable energy. Minnesota is at the forefront of ethanol, biodiesel, and wind energy production and led the nation in 2007 by adopting a renewable energy standard that requires electric utilities to obtain 25 percent of their electricity from renewable sources like wind, solar, and biomass by the year 2025. We are well on our way toward meeting this goal as more than 21 percent of Minnesota’s electricity comes from renewable sources. This policy has helped stimulate renewable development throughout Minnesota, bringing in new investment and opportunities to both rural and urban areas. Our nation needs to follow Minnesota’s lead by adopting national standards for renewable energy and by providing consumers more choices at the gas pump.
- Increasing energy efficiency. As former Energy Secretary Steven Chu noted, improving efficiency in vehicles, buildings, and appliances isn’t just the “low-hanging fruit” – it’s the fruit that’s rolling on the ground. Promoting energy efficiency is good for business, good for consumers, and good for our economy. One example is my Nonprofit Energy Efficiency Act that I’ve worked on with Senator Hoeven from North Dakota. The bill empowers the nonprofit community to make energy-efficiency improvements and help both our environment and our local communities by promoting greater energy savings and efficiency.
- Expanding domestic energy production. I believe there is no single solution that can move our nation toward energy independence. So while we increase the development of advanced biofuels and other domestic energy resources such as hydro, geothermal, solar, and wind power, we also need to continue to develop existing technologies, including increased domestic oil and gas production with appropriate safeguards, cleaner coal technologies, and safe nuclear power. Over the past few years, U.S. oil production has surpassed that of Saudi Arabia, and we have the opportunity to continue to reduce our reliance on foreign oil and approach energy independence.
- Preventing spikes in gas and home heating fuel prices. In recent years we have witnessed dramatic fluctuations in global energy prices that cannot be attributed solely to issues of supply and demand. We need tough oversight of our energy markets to protect American consumers from energy market volatility caused by excessive speculation. We also must ensure that transportation, infrastructure, and supply challenges do not contribute to price volatility.
Protecting our Environment and Natural Resources
- Combating Climate Change. I support a comprehensive approach that would reduce greenhouse gas emissions and promote the development of energy efficient technologies and homegrown energy resources without burdening our farmers and small businesses. As a member of the Senate Climate Action Taskforce, I am fighting to ensure that efforts to address the threat of climate change are a part of our nation’s energy and environmental policy. I have introduced and supported several bills that would reduce greenhouse gases and strongly supported the Paris climate agreement. I also led a Senate resolution recognizing that global climate change is occurring and will continue to pose ongoing risks and challenges to our country unless we take action. In January 2015, the Senate voted 98-1 in support of a resolution that states that climate change is real and not a hoax. As a former member of the Environment and Public Works Committee, I supported Cap and Trade as one solution and was the author of a renewable electricity standard as another. I have opposed Trump Administration nominees who deny the science of climate change.
- Improving our water infrastructure. In 2014 and 2016 I supported the reauthorization of the Water Resources Reform and Development Act that included provisions vital to Minnesota. This legislation makes crucial investments in our ports and harbors, such as the Port of Duluth, upgrades the locks and dams on the inland waterway system and moves forward with critical flood protection, including for Fargo-Moorhead and Roseau. The 2016 reauthorization included my legislation to reauthorize and fund the Great Lakes Fish & Wildlife Restoration Act which provides research, restoration, and conservation of fish and wildlife resources and their habitats in the Great Lakes basin. The 2014 Farm Bill also included an amendment I led with Senators Hoeven and Heitkamp to provide an additional $100 million to help address the backlog of water and wastewater projects for rural communities at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.
- Protecting the Great Lakes and Upper Mississippi River watershed. I was an original cosponsor of the Great Lakes Legacy Act of 2008, which bolstered pollution clean-up efforts in the Great Lakes. I am also an original cosponsor of the Great Lakes Ecological and Economic Protection Act, which will build on and continue the successful clean-up efforts established by the Great Lakes Legacy Act. And I have authored the Upper Mississippi River Protection Act, which aims to help reduce pollution in the Upper Mississippi River. As one of the Vice Chairs of the Senate Great Lakes Task Force, enhancing the economic and environmental health of the Great Lakes is one of my top priorities.
- Keeping aquatic invasive species out of Minnesota’s rivers and lakes. I was an original cosponsor of bipartisan legislation, signed into law in December of 2011, which prohibited the importation and transportation of invasive carp. In 2014, I introduced and passed the Upper Mississippi CARP Act that fought the spread of invasive carp in Minnesota’s waterways by authorizing the Army Corps of Engineers to close the St. Anthony Falls Dam if invasive carp are found in certain areas. And I’ve worked with Representative Erik Paulsen to upgrade the Coon Rapids Dam, which has been identified as an effective barrier for preventing the spread of invasive carp up the Mississippi River watershed. I also joined senators in introducing legislation to help the Army Corps of Engineers evaluate a hydrologic barrier to block the spread of invasive carp in the waterways connecting the Great Lakes and alternatives for boating traffic. When a zebra mussel infestation was detected in Christmas Lake in 2014, I worked with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) to expedite the approval of an application for an emergency exemption to eradicate the species and prevent them from spreading.
- Strengthening the Clean Air Act. I was an original cosponsor of the bipartisan Clean Air Act Amendments of 2010 that would require power plants to cut air pollution – such as mercury and ozone emissions – by 50 to 90 percent over the next five years. I also voted against an amendment that would have blocked the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) from moving forward with the Cross State Air Pollution rule that helps protect Minnesotans from power plant pollution from other states. I also fought against attempts in the Senate to undermine the Clean Air Act and invalidate the standards that reduce pollution from mercury and other hazardous chemicals. I have opposed this Administration’s attempts to delay and reverse oil and gas methane pollution standards.
- Expanding our nation’s wilderness areas. I pushed for passage of the Omnibus Public Land Management Act of 2009 that constituted the largest expansion of our nation’s wilderness in 15 years. Through this legislation, we protected two million more acres of national Wilderness Areas and more than 1,000 miles of national Wild and Scenic Rivers. I have also cosponsored legislation to fully fund the Land and Water Conservation Fund (LWCF) and have worked to expand service-learning opportunities that help restore America’s natural, recreational, and scenic resources. I strongly oppose this Administration’s proposed budget cuts to the LWCF and the Department of the Interior. These cuts hurt rural communities and the protection of our public parks and lands.
- Conserving our natural resources. Conservation programs in the Farm Bill provide the tools for farmers and ranchers in Minnesota to conserve sensitive lands and promote farming practices that reduce soil erosion and improve air and water quality. Minnesota consistently ranks in the top five states for conservation program enrollment. The Farm Bill protects the important programs Minnesota producers use to keep our soil healthy and our water clean. As a member of the Senate Agriculture, Nutrition, and Forestry Committee, I am committed to strengthening our conservation programs. That’s why I introduced legislation with Senator Thune from South Dakota to protect native prairie by making changes to the crop insurance program to reduce the incentive to grow crops for the first time on native prairie. I have also introduced legislation to help farmers and land-grant universities better utilize USDA’s conservation data so they can apply conservation practices in an effective way to improve the environment.
- Supporting Minnesota tourism and outdoor recreation. Tourism, including outdoor recreation, is Minnesota’s fifth largest industry generating $12.5 billion in sales and nearly 11 percent of the state’s total private sector employment. As co-chair of the Senate Tourism Caucus and the former chair of the Senate subcommittee that oversees the U.S. tourism industry, I’ve fought to cut red tape and reduce delays to help promote tourism. I am a cosponsor of the Bipartisan Sportsmen’s Act, which includes my bipartisan provision to protect Minnesota’s sportsmen and anglers from burdensome regulations by barring the Environmental Protection Agency from restricting the sale of lead bullets or lead sinkers and help keep hunting and fishing affordable. I also cosponsored legislation that passed the Senate that aims to prevent broad federal standards on boat discharges (such as bilge water and engine fluids) from requiring small boat owners to apply for cumbersome federal permits. I pushed to pass the Travel Promotion Act of 2010 into law which created Brand USA, a public-private partnership that promotes international travel to the United States. In 2016, Brand USA generated more than 1 million additional visitors who spent an estimated $4 billion, strengthening local businesses and boosting economic growth. Finally, I led the bipartisan effort to reauthorize the Travel Promotion Act in 2014 so that it can continue to build on its progress through at least 2020.
- Protecting consumers from unsafe wood imports and supporting our timber producers. I authored the bipartisan Formaldehyde Standards for Composite Wood Act, signed into law in 2009, to protect consumers from potentially hazardous levels of formaldehyde in composite wood products and to ensure the U.S. timber industry is on a level playing field with foreign competitors. I continue to push the Environmental Protection Agency to fully implement this law and hold importers accountable and keep our families safe. I have also testified at the International Trade Commission to press for cracking down on unfair subsidization of paper imports from Canada, China, and other countries around the world. I introduced bipartisan legislation with Senator Daines from Montana to improve the health of our nation’s forests and reduce the risk of wildfire on federal, state, county, tribal, and private lands in proximity to one another. This bill will improve water quality, protect wildlife habitat, and enhance opportunities for the production of wood products.
- Reforming our nation’s toxic chemicals policy. Our country’s primary law regulating the production and use of chemicals hadn’t been updated since its passage in 1976. I supported reforms that would keep our children and families safe from toxic substances while providing businesses clear standards for developing new products. I was a cosponsor of the Senate bill that updated the Toxic Substances Control Act, which was signed into law in June 2016.
- Expanding the market for homegrown biofuels. As a member of the Senate Commerce and Agriculture Committees, I worked on the bipartisan bill to ensure that the Energy Independence and Security Act of 2007 included provisions requiring a significant increase in biofuel production by the year 2022. This law also included new provisions to promote biofuel infrastructure and the installation of blender pumps at gas stations across the country, which will provide consumers with the choice of using higher blends of ethanol. USDA announced in 2015 that Minnesota would receive support to install approximately 620 pumps – the third most of all states receiving grant money. The investment will boost local economies across Minnesota, give drivers more choices at the pump and reduce dependence on foreign oil. As a member of the Farm Bill conference committee, I worked to ensure the 2014 Farm Bill included a strong energy title to allow our farmers to continue to develop homegrown energy for our nation. I am also pushing to maintain a strong Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) that will help drive innovation and boost Minnesota’s economy while reducing our dependence on foreign oil. In recent years and under both Republican and Democratic administrations the EPA has proposed changes to the RFS that would hurt the biofuels industry by lowering the biofuels targets, discouraging investment and hurting jobs in rural communities across the country. I led meetings between Senators of both parties and former EPA Administrator Gina McCarthy and White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough to urge the Obama Administration to reverse the changes and maintain a strong RFS. And in 2017, I led a bipartisan letter with Senator Chuck Grassley that was signed by 38 senators calling for a strong RFS for 2018 and 2019. The final rule for 2017 increased renewable fuel volume requirements across all categories of biofuels and the final rule for 2018 improved volume requirements from the proposed rule.
- Helping our farmers move to the next generation of farm-based biofuels. I have taken the lead in promoting the next generation of biofuel crops through my work on the Senate Agriculture Committee. I successfully included legislation in the 2008 Farm Bill to provide incentives for U.S. farmers to produce cellulosic ethanol made from dedicated energy crops like prairie grass and alfalfa and from agricultural residues and wood chips. I also introduced the Farm-to-Fuel Investment Act, which was included in the energy title of the 2008 Farm Bill, and fought to include a strong energy title in the 2014 Farm Bill to expand homegrown renewable energy production. These bills provide incentives to produce ethanol made from Minnesota-based biomass and spur innovation that will support the development of third-generation biofuels that will provide our country with an alternative motor fuel, protect our soil and water quality, and provide new wildlife habitats. And I’m fighting for funding for the energy title, including strong funding for the Rural Energy for America Program (REAP), in the Farm Bill reauthorization.
- Implementing the first automobile fuel efficiency upgrades in decades. I was part of a bipartisan group of senators that reached a compromise to pass the 2007 Energy Bill, which provided incentives to develop new, more efficient consumer technologies. From the next generation of hybrid and plug-in vehicles, to higher efficiency standards for appliances, to incentives for the design and construction of high-performance energy-efficient buildings, these initiatives are designed to reduce energy bills and save consumers money. I have supported efforts to increase the Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standards and oppose this Administration’s efforts to scale them back.
- Extending home energy tax credits, weatherization, and heating assistance.
- Tax credits for energy efficient products: I supported the inclusion of tax credits for energy-efficient products in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008 and again in the Tax Relief Act of 2010. These credits reward homeowners who install energy-efficient products – such as new efficient windows, insulation, doors, roofs, and heating and cooling equipment – as well as credits for hybrid and electric vehicles. I supported the Bipartisan Budget Act of 2018, which extended the Investment Tax Credit for wind and other renewable resources, and the Production Tax Credit, which provides the renewable energy industry with the stability it needs to make long-term investments. I also supported the creation and recent improvement of the 45Q carbon capture sequestration credit, as well as the creation and extension of the biodiesel and renewable diesel incentives.
- Heating and Weatherization Assistance. The Weatherization Assistance Program is an important tool in reducing home energy costs. According to the National Association for State Community Services Programs, for every dollar spent, the Weatherization Program returns $2.72 in energy and non-energy benefits over the life of the weatherized home.
- Creating stable incentives for the private sector to invest in renewable energy. I authored the bipartisan American Renewable Energy Act that called for long-term extensions of renewable energy production tax credits and a national renewable electricity standard of 25 percent by 2025. Provisions from this bill to extend production tax credits for renewable energy were included in the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.
- Increasing energy efficiency. I introduced the Nonprofit Energy Efficiency Act with Senator John Hoeven. This bipartisan bill empowers the nonprofit community to make energy-efficiency improvements to their buildings and offices, which helps our nonprofits save money through greater energy efficiency and helps the community. I also worked with Senator Hoeven to pass water heater efficiency legislation that enables rural electric power cooperatives and their members to continue to use energy-efficient water heaters in “demand response” conservation programs. This will allow cooperatives to optimize both their own energy management and the environmental benefits of these water heaters. I have also introduced a bipartisan bill with Senator Tillis that would direct the Federal Trade Commission to consider including Smart Grid capability on Energy Guide labels for products.
- Preventing spikes in gas and home heating fuel prices. In 2013, after the simultaneous closure of three oil refineries in the Midwest region, gas prices jumped 15 percent in less than a week, surging to around $4 a gallon at many stations. Following this, I introduced legislation requiring refineries to report maintenance schedules to the Department of Energy to help prevent simultaneous closures and avert shortages. That same concept was ultimately adopted by the Department of Energy in 2013. I also cosponsored legislation to take action against excessive speculation in energy markets, which can contribute to oil market volatility and drive up prices at the pump. And my bipartisan legislation to address propane and heating fuel shortages was signed into law in June 2014. This law will ensure quicker delivery of home heating fuels in emergency shortages like we experienced in Minnesota in the winter of 2013-2014.
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