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U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Ron Wyden (D-OR) both introduced legislation to combat the rise in catalytic converter thefts.

The Preventing Auto Recycling Thefts (PART) Act would ensure that law enforcement can more effectively address these thefts by marking each converter with a traceable identification number and establishing converter thefts as a criminal offense.

“Throughout the country, we’ve seen an alarming increase in catalytic converter thefts. These converters can be easily taken from unattended cars but are difficult and expensive for car owners to replace,” said Klobuchar. “By making catalytic converter theft a criminal offense and ensuring each converter can be easily tracked, our legislation would provide law enforcement officers with the tools and resources they need to crack down on these crimes.”

Catalytic converters are used to reduce the potency of toxic emissions from an internal combustion engine and required for vehicle compliance with the Clean Air Act. According to the National Insurance Crime Bureau, catalytic converter thefts rose by over 325% from 2019 to 2020. Replacing these parts imposes significant financial costs to vehicle owners, often between $500 to $2,300 and can even result in a total loss to the vehicle.

The PART Act would:

Require new vehicles to have a Vehicle Identification number (VIN) stamped onto the converter to allow law enforcement officers to link stolen parts to the vehicle from which they originate.

Create a grant program through which entities can stamp VIN numbers onto catalytic converters of existing vehicles.

Improve record keeping standards for purchasers of used catalytic converters.

Establish enforceability of laws around catalytic converter theft by codifying these crimes as a criminal offense.

Representative Jim Baird (R-IN) leads companion legislation in the House of Representatives.

The bill has received the endorsement of the National Automobile Dealers Association, the American Truck Dealers, the American Trucking Associations, the National Insurance Crime Bureau, and more.