Washington, D.C. – U.S. Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Susan Collins (R-ME) today urged the administration to crack down on unfair Canadian trade practices in the paper market. In a letter to U.S. Trade Representative Ron Kirk, Klobuchar and Collins, along with a bipartisan group of eight other senators, called on Ambassador Kirk to examine potentially illegal subsidies being provided by the provincial government of Nova Scotia to the Port Hawkesbury Paper (PHP) mill in Nova Scotia. A flood of illegally subsidized paper into the U.S. market would hurt Minnesota’s forest industry, which employs 30,000 people and contributes billions of dollars to the state economy.

In addition to Klobuchar and Collins, the letter was also signed by Senators Al Franken (D-MN), Olympia Snowe (R-ME), Carl Levin (D-MI), Debbie Stabenow (D-MI), Barbara Mikulski (D-MD), Ben Cardin (D-MD), Sherrod Brown (D-OH), and Rob Portman (R-OH).

“Minnesota’s paper industry is a vital part of our state’s economy; supporting numerous jobs and communities across the state,” Klobuchar said.“American firms should not be asked to continue to compete on the unlevel playing created by unfair Canadian subsidies.”

“Our state’s paper industry has a long history and remains a major economic engine in rural Maine, directly supporting thousands of good jobs,”said Senator Collins.  “At a time when our mills are already struggling to retain jobs, we must protect against unfair Canadian subsidies before lasting damage is done to the U.S. paper industry.” 

The Port Hawkesbury Paper mill was closed last year due to its previous owners filing bankruptcy. However, current reports indicate that the plant has reopened with assistance from the Canadian provincial government, including grants, loans, and reductions on utility rates and property taxes.

The full text of the letter is below:

The Honorable Ron Kirk

United States Trade Representative

Washington, DC


Dear Ambassador Kirk,

We are writing to express our serious concern regarding reports of significant and direct subsidies being provided by the provincial government of Nova Scotia to one specific facility, the Port Hawkesbury Paper (PHP) mill in Nova Scotia, Canada.  This mill was closed last year as part of the bankruptcy proceedings of its previous owner.  However, it recently reopened due to what some news reports estimate to be more than $200 million in subsidies that were promised to the mill’s buyer and new management.  

We understand that information is still being collected on the nature of the subsidies, but press reports indicate that they include grants, loans, cash to purchase land, financial contributions to keep a supply chain intact, and reductions on utility rates and property taxes.  Such specific subsidies would appear to represent violations of Canada’s commitments under the Agreement on Subsidies and Countervailing Measures of the World Trade Organization (WTO) and U.S. countervailing duty law.  We understand that your office raised this particular issue with Canada at the October 2012 WTO meeting in Geneva and that Canada is working to collect information in response your inquiry.  We appreciate that you have taken this step and look forward to an update on the information Canada provides to you.

The supercalendered paper machine at the PHP is one of the largest in North America, with a capacity of 395,000 tons - equal to approximately 22 percent of the North American market.  With the U.S. paper industry already struggling amid the movement toward electronic communications and media, a flood of illegally subsidized paper into the U.S. market would deal an irreversible deathblow to many U.S. mills and the American workers that produce the same or competing products.  The U.S. industry is simply not in a financial position to weather a long drawn out battle over unfair Canadian trade practices, nor should they have to.

We need immediate assurances that Canada will withdraw these subsidies, and urge you in the strongest possible terms to use the tools at your disposal to quickly resolve this situation before lasting damage is done to the U.S. industry and the thousands of workers it employs.  While a trade remedy action might bring eventual relief to the industry, the damage to U.S. mills will already have occurred.  

Thank you for your attention to this very serious matter, and please keep us informed of your efforts to resolve this issue expeditiously.