WASHINGTON – U.S. Senators Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) and Richard Blumenthal (D-CT) led a group of twelve senators in a letter to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) and the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) urging CMS to restore rules designed to enforce nursing home health and safety standards. In the last year, CMS has significantly weakened and delayed penalties against nursing homes that endanger the wellbeing of residents by violating commonsense rules and regulations.
“It is abundantly clear that when health or safety is compromised, when errors occur, or in the worst cases, when patients are harmed, there must be a wide range of strong enforcement actions available to ensure that these adverse events are not repeated, precious federal dollars are not wasted, and most importantly, lives are not lost,” the Senators wrote. “That is why we are so alarmed that CMS seems intent on rolling back or delaying enforcement of regulations that are meant to keep nursing homes safe for the patients they serve.”
U.S. Senators Bob Casey (D-PA), Elizabeth Warren (D-MA), Catherine Cortez Masto (D- NV), Tina Smith (D-MN), Bernie Sanders (I-VT), Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY), Jack Reed (D-RI), Edward J. Markey (D-MA), Cory Booker (D-NJ), and Sherrod Brown (D-OH) joined Klobuchar and Blumenthal in the letter to HHS and CMS. The Center for Medicare Advocacy, the National Consumer Voice for Quality Long-Term Care, and Justice in Aging support the letter.
Throughout her time in the Senate, Klobuchar has been fighting to ensure that all Americans have safety, dignity, and good health in their senior years. In November, Klobuchar urged the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to help prevent and more effectively respond to elder abuse in nursing homes and assisted-living facilities and also asked the Government Accountability Office (GAO) to examine additional actions the federal government can take to address this issue. In October, the bipartisan Court-Appointed Guardian Accountability and Senior Protection Act she introduced with Senator John Cornyn (R-TX) was signed into law by the President as part of the Elder Abuse Prevention and Prosecution Act. The law will help crack down on elder abuse by strengthening oversight and accountability for guardians and conservators. The bipartisan Seniors Fraud Prevention Act, which Klobuchar introduced with Senator Susan Collins (R-ME), passed the Senate in August. The bill would help fight scams designed to strip seniors of their assets by educating seniors about fraud schemes and improving monitoring of and response to fraud complaints. In 2015, Klobuchar reintroduced the Americans Giving Care to Elders (AGE) Act to help reduce the financial burden on families by establishing a federal tax credit to assist with the costs of caring for an aging family member.
Klobuchar has also been a leader in addressing the skyrocketing cost of prescription drugs, improving and strengthening Medicare, and protecting American consumers by leading major legislation, such as the Empowering Medicare Seniors to Negotiate Drug Prices Act and the bipartisan Safe and Affordable Drugs from Canada Act and the Preserve Access to Affordable Generics Act.
The full text of the Senators’ letter is available for download here, and copied below.
Dear Secretary Azar and Administrator Verma,
We write with deep concern over a string of actions by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) that will inevitably weaken the safety of our nation’s nursing homes and put patients, many of whom are elderly and wholly reliant on this care, at greater risk. These memoranda, released throughout the latter half of 2017, jeopardize long-term care by chipping away at important enforcement tools and delaying critical reforms. As such, we urge CMS to reverse its guidance on the appropriate use of civil monetary penalties (CMPs) and allow the important long-term care reforms promulgated in 2016 to move forward without delay.
On July 7, 2017, CMS released a memorandum intended to lessen fines against nursing homes that have not complied with health and safety standards. On October 27, 2017, CMS released another memorandum that would significantly reduce civil monetary penalties for facilities that perform poorly. Most recently, on November 24, 2017, CMS released yet another memorandum delaying significant enforcement remedies for a number of important regulations under Phase 2 of the Skilled Nursing Facility (SNF) and Nursing Facility (NF) Requirements for Participation that were set to go into effect just days later, one full year after they were announced. This 18-month moratorium forbids the imposition of fines or discretionary denials of new payments when nursing homes fail to meet certain basic and sensible requirements, such as ensuring there is adequate staff onsite, providing behavioral health services, using psychotropic medications correctly, or simply having a plan in place to care for residents within two days of admission.
The need to guarantee that the nursing home industry remains safe and sustainable for patients grows more urgent each day. It is now estimated that over half of Americans between the ages of 57 to 61 will spend at least one day in a nursing home during their lifetime. While we understand that many nursing homes diligently work to provide dignified, compassionate, and quality care to their patients, problems persist.
A report by the Department of Health and Human Services’ Office of Inspector General (OIG) in 2014 found that, during a Medicare-covered stay, nearly a third of nursing home patients experienced an adverse event or an incident that led to temporary harm, with 59 percent of these events considered preventable. More alarming is that during the one month period that OIG reviewed, Medicare incurred a cost of $208 million due to hospitalizations alone and found that adverse events contributed to 1,538 deaths, most of which had not been anticipated. Another study found that in 2015 more than one in five nursing homes had violations that caused harm or immediate jeopardy (defined as causing or likely to cause injury, harm, impairment, or death to a resident).
It is abundantly clear that when health or safety is compromised, when errors occur, or in the worst cases, when patients are harmed, there must be a wide range of strong enforcement actions available to ensure that these adverse events are not repeated, precious federal dollars are not wasted, and most importantly, lives are not lost. That is why we are so alarmed that CMS seems intent on rolling back or delaying enforcement of regulations that are meant to keep nursing homes safe for the patients they serve. We will not and cannot accept CMS’ actions that fail to keep nursing home held to the highest possible standards when it comes to patient care and safety, and we urge CMS to reconsider these policies immediately.